Baliem River

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   Река Baliem River
Длина 414,2 км (260 миль) км
Водосбор 12,000 км2 (4,6 кв. миль) км²
Исток: 4,1372° ю. ш. 138,6592° в. д.:
Устье: 5,4756° ю. ш. 138,8822° в. д.:

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The Baliem River (or Vriendschaps River) is a river in the Highland Papua and South Papua provinces of Western New Guinea, Indonesia.[1] It is the largest tributary of the Pulau River, formerly called the Eilanden River. With a total length of 414,2 км (260 миль).


The river begins as the Baliem Timur (East Baliem) in the northern Maoke Mountains (Snow Mountains) at Lake Habbema in Jayawijaya Regency, north of Mount Trikora. The Baliem Timur flows west to meet the Baliem Barat (West Baliem) before turning north. After traveling underground for several kilometers through a sinkhole in an area of Karst limestone geology, it emerges and travels northeast to near Tiom in Lanny Jaya Regency. This section of the river was formerly known as the Noordelijke Baliem (North Baliem) in Dutch. After flowing east through Lanny Jaya, the Baliem turns southeast as it enters the wide, flat Great Baliem Valley. In the center of the valley it meanders southeast to meet the Uwe river in the town of Wamena, the capital of Highland Papua province. South of Wamena, the river plunges southeast through a steep gorge with many rapids and waterfalls, and is joined by the Mugi and Kwik rivers. 70 kilometers southeast of Wamena the Heluk river enters the Baliem near Holuwon village. From here, the river was called Vriendschaps River at the time of Dutch East Indies and Dutch New Guinea, before the course of the river was fully explored.[2]

Below Holuwon, the river leaves the southern foothills of the Maoke or Jayawijaya Mountains and becomes a braided river heading to the southwest through the lowland rainforest of South Papua. After 100 kilometers, the Baliem, slightly upstream from the village of Kaima, flows into the Pulau River (formerly the Eilanden River), which flows into the Arafura Sea about 100 kilometers south-west on the Casuarina Coast.[3] 0 дней без источника!


The Baliem River has a length about 60–80 km with the width of 15–20 m, flowing through the town of Wamena. The water temperature is around 14 to 18 °C. The acidity of the Baliem River is around 6.8–7.5, and the oxygen level is 4.1–4.3 mg/L. The flow rate is 0.09–0.92 m/det.; clarity 17–160 cm and depth 0.60–3.7 meter.[4]

The acidity level of the Baliem is considered good for the growth of water organism, such as fish. In Baliem also lives a kind of animal with high cultural value for the local people; valued as high as yam (<span lang="id-Latn" xml:lang="id-Latn" title="Indonesian transliteration" class="Unicode" style="white-space:normal; text-decoration: none">hipiri) and pig (wam). It belongs to Cherax spp that lives in the mud. At night, it rises from the river and stays on the banks, whereas at sunrise, it goes back into deep river area. Along the banks there are swamps, with high tendency of flooding and used by the community to let loose their pig herds. The river basin has high potential for tourism and agriculture.[4]


The river flows in the southern area of Papua with predominantly tropical rainforest climate (designated as Af in the Köppen-Geiger climate classification).[5] The annual average temperature in the area is 21 °C. The warmest month is March, when the average temperature is around 22 °C, and the coldest is July, at 18 °C.[6] The average annual rainfall is 6222 mm. The wettest month is May, with an average of 708 mm rainfall, and the driest is January, with 348 mm rainfall.[7]

See also[править]


  1. Rand McNally, The New International Atlas, 1993.
  2. 1916 Netherlands New Guinea Map. — G. Kolff & Co.
  3. The Dugum Dani: A Papuan Culture in the Highlands of West New Guinea, By Karl G. Heider
  4. а б 8 Sungai yang terdapat di Papua. Ilmu
  5. Peel, M C; Finlayson, B L; McMahon, T A (2007). “Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification”. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 11. DOI:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007.
  6. NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index (недоступная ссылка) : [арх. 11.05.2020]. — NASA, 2016. — 30 января. — Дата обращения: 06.12.2018.
  7. NASA Earth Observations: Rainfall (1 month – TRMM). — NASA/Tropical Rainfall Monitoring Mission, 2016. — 30 января.

Шаблон:Rivers of Papua 5° с. ш. 28° в. д.: